The Czech Republic is located in Central Europe. The Czech Republic borders in the north and west Germany and Poland, in the east to Slovakia and in the south to Austria. In the west of the country lies Cechy (Bohemia), in the east Morava (Moravia). The mountain region of the Sumava (Bohemian Forest) and the Giant Mountains, from which the Elbe rises, characterize the wonderfully beautiful landscape picture the little republic.
Czech Republic – arrival
Airplane: the national airline Czech Airlines (? SA) offers among other thingsDirect flightsfrom Prague to cities across Europe. EasyJet (U2) flies to Prague from various UK airports. SmartWings (QS) and Sky Europe (6Q) offer flights to numerous European cities.
Rail: bring international trains traveler to the Prague Main Railway Station (Praha-Hlavní nádra í) or to those outside the city center train stations Holešovice and Smíchov.
Prague and Brno are on the busy railway line that runs from Berlin and Dresden to Bratislava and Budapest and from Hamburg via Berlin to Vienna. Trains from Frankfurt and Munich pass through Nuremberg and Plze? On their way to Prague. Express trains run daily from Prague via Wroc? Aw via Katowice to Warsaw.
Tickets are available in advance on the Czech Railways (? Eské dráhy /? D) and in travel agencies. Reservations are mandatory on international trains. Tickets for international connections are valid for two months. InterRail passes (Zone D) are accepted in the Czech Republic, but not Eurrail passes.
Car: if you travel to the Czech Republic with your own vehicle, you need a vignette (Nalepka) to use the motorways. It is available at petrol stations and post offices at border crossings. In addition to the warning triangle and first-aid kit, the equipment of the car should include a set of replacement lamps for headlights and taillights. In the Czech Republic, the tolerated alcohol limit for drivers is zero.
Bus: Prague’s most important international bus station is the central bus station ÚAN Praha Florenc (Úst? Ední Autobusové Nádra í). It is located about 600 meters north of the main train station. The main season for bus trips to Prague is from mid-June to the end of September. During this time, buses run several times a day to the most important European cities. In the other months, the respective connections are reduced to two to three a week.
International bus companies that offer trips to and from Prague include Capital Express, the Eurolines companies Bohemia Euroexpress International and Sodeli, and the Student Agency.
Czech Republic – traveling in the country
Railway: the Czech Railway (? Eské dráhy /? D) offers efficient train connections in almost all parts of the country. The tariffs are based on the route. The Czech Flexipass is available for travel within the Czech Republic. Anyone who travels without a ticket and does not immediately inform the conductor about it risks being fined.
Car: all major international car rental agencies have offices in Prague. However, small local businesses often offer the cheaper tariffs. Well-known Prague residents car rental company are Secco Car, Vecar and West Car Praha.
Bus: traveling by bus within the Czech Republic is often faster, more comfortable and cheaper than traveling by train. However, many bus routes offer a reduced number of connections on the weekends. Occasionally buses leave earlier than indicated on the timetable. It is therefore advisable to be there at least 15 minutes before the departure time. Ticket sales to the main train stations is mostly computerized. Otherwise, tickets are also available from the bus driver.
Local transport: City buses and trams usually run from 4:30 a.m. to midnight. Tickets must be purchased in advance and are available at bus stops, train stations, kiosks and machines. The tickets must be validated at the entrance of the subway and when entering buses and trams. On weekends, at night or in purely residential areas, it can be difficult to get tickets.
Taxis have a meter. When taking a taxi, travelers should always check that it is switched on.
Best travel time for the Czech Republic
For most destinations in the Czech Republic, the best time to travel is May and September. According to bridgat, the weather is then mild and there are fewer holidaymakers on the way. Most of the museums, galleries and castles are only open during the high season (May to September). April and October are cooler, but accommodations are cheaper. In winter there is usually snow across the country, campsites are closed, as are the sights in the smaller Czech cities. In the mountains, the ski season runs from November to March.
Most Czechs take their vacation in July and August, as well as over Easter and Christmas / New Years (like most Europeans). During these times, the accommodations are often fully booked, the crowds in Prague and the mountains are huge and the prices are high. However, most of the festivals take place during the summer months and the supply of cheap rooms in university cities is increased by student dormitories that are open to tourists during the semester break.