Omega Speedmaster Watches

In 1957, OMEGA spear the famous model Speedmaster, a chrono sporting that offers precision, robustness, tightness, ease of use, a reliability.

She was part of a trio of news sharing a little the same aesthetic and the same technicality: Seamaster (sports and waterproof) and Railmaster (anti-magnetic) and the Speedmaster (chronograph).

The Speedmaster model was based on the caliber 321 developed ten years earlier as “27CHRO C12″ by the Lemania, a sister company of OMEGA factory. In 1968, this caliber will be replaced by a version improved, simplified and modernized with the caliber 821 still in production under the name 1861.

Since its launch, this flagship of OMEGA continued to be manufactured without discontinuity. Her Saga began, no model in the history of watchmaking will have suffered as many tests as the OMEGA Speedmaster.

As soon as the end of the 1950s, the conquest of space and the race that engaged American and Soviet had become a center of global interest. The first astronauts, who remained locked in their capsule (Mercury program) used common watches. It came to pass that two of the astronauts of the Mercury, Wally Schirra and Leroy Gordon “Gordo” Cooper program bought their own Speedmaster to wear during their missions. It is, as well as the Speedmaster worn by Wally Schirra on his Sigma 7 (Mercury-Atlas 8) mission in 1962 became the first OMEGA watch worn in space.

But with the Gemini program, the astronauts were called out of the capsule and need them a timepiece autonomous and able to withstand the conditions of space.

Omega Speedmaster Watches

At the end of the year 1964, Nasa began testing watches that can withstand extreme conditions. The tests were the following:

  • High temperature: 48 hours at 71 ° C followed by 30 minutes at 93 ° C.
  • Low temperatures: 4 hours at – 18 ° C.
  • Cycles of temperature in a vacuum: 15 cycles warming to 71 ° C for 45 minutes, followed by a cooling at-18 ° C for 45 minutes at 10? 6 atm.
  • Moisture: 250 hours at temperatures between 20 ° C and 71 ° C at a relative humidity of 95%.
  • Oxygen-rich environment: 48 hours to 100% oxygen at 0.35 atm and 71 ° C.
  • Shock: 6 shock to 40 g over a period of 11 ms in different directions.
  • Linear acceleration: 1 in 7.25 g in 333 seconds.
  • Empty: 90 minutes at 10? 6 atm and 71 ° C followed by 30 minutes at 93 ° C.
  • High pressure: 1.6 atm for an hour.
  • Vibration: 3 cycles of 30 minutes with vibrations ranging from 5 to 2000 Hz with a minimum acceleration of 8.8 g.
  • Acoustic vibrations: 30 minutes to 130 dB with sounds of 40 to 10,000 Hz.

Fought in several watches of the most recognized brands. In the end, only of OMEGA Speedmaster chronograph passed all the events.

According to the tests performed with success in 1965, the Speedmaster watch was chosen to be part of the standard equipment human missions of the Gemini program. Given its performance, OMEGA was again selected for the Apollo program.

Just as significant, a NASA release dated March 1, 1965 stated that ‘… the astronauts shows a unanimous preference for the OMEGA chronograph compared to two other brands because of its greater accuracy, better reliability and ease of operation’.

June 3, 1965, during the Gemini 4 mission, the Speedmaster watch is worn open at the wrist of Edward White making the first exit into outer space, thanks to its long Velcro strap that can carry on the combination.

Photos immortalize that moment.

It’s a revelation for OMEGA brand was not aware that NASA was testing its watches since the end of 1964.

It will be July 21, 1969 and the Apollo 11 mission to attend the most watched in the world event, the Astronaut Neil Amstrong set foot on the Moon and this historic sentence: ” one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind ».

At that moment, OMEGA lives a great moment in its history, and gives the appellation of ‘ Moonwatch ‘ in the first watch never worn on the Moon.

For the little story, the Speedmaster was the first watch worn on the Moon, not by Niel Armstrong but by Buzz Aldrin, the second man to set foot.

Indeed Armstrong had left his aboard due to a failure of the on-board computer.

In addition, during the mission Apollo 13 in April 1970 and suite of a failure aboard the spacecraft, the Speedmaster Watch has also played a crucial role, allowing timing ignition of rockets of the capsule’s exact time, in order to re-enter the atmosphere without wasting energy who was at the right level. Electric instruments are more operational, the Speedmaster watch thus saved the lives of astronauts and received the highest award given to an external supplier of NASA: the Silver Snoopy Award.

Today the Speedmaster legend continues and its technical and aesthetic evolution has seen a few changes and variants over time: here are some key models that have marked its history:

Speedmaster Mark II in 1969, Speedmaster 125 in 1973, Speedmaster X-33 in 1998, and then in 2013 the Speedmaster 57 the first movements of manufacture OMEGA co-axial (9300/9301) to incorporate a chronograph function.

In 2013, the Speedmaster Dark Side of the Moon, which pays tribute to the astronauts of the Apollo 8 mission who were the first to discover the hidden side of the moon.

OMEGA Speedmaster Watches Exhibition

From 1957 to the present day…

From 20 June to 12 July

Shop OMEGA12 Sèvres Paris 7th Street?

On the occasion of this exceptional exhibition, OMEGA is proud to present ten iconic Speedmaster models that have marked the history and reveal to the lovers, connoisseurs or merely curious anecdotes and adventures of this fabulous myth.

 

 

Gallery

Omega Speedmaster Professional Moonwatch

Omega Speedmaster Professional Moonwatch

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Black Out: 21 Best All-Black Watches for Men

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Rolex Sea-Dweller Resurfaces with Larger Case and New ...

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Omega Speedmaster 1957 Replica 145.0222 / 3594.50.

Omega Speedmaster 1957 Replica 145.0222 / 3594.50.

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20mm Velcro NASA Strap for Omega Speedmaster

20mm Velcro NASA Strap for Omega Speedmaster

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Fratello Watches Q&A with Apollo 15 astronaut Dave Scott

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Hands-On With The Omega Speedmaster 60th Anniversary ...

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Omega Speedmaster Dark Side of the Moon Vintage Black Review

Omega Speedmaster Dark Side of the Moon Vintage Black Review

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Get The Best Omega Watches Collection For 2016 At The ...

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Top 10 Best Watch Brands with Price in India 2018

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Omega Seamaster 300 Review

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